CGFLEX: A Flexible Framework for Causal Graph-based Data Synthesis

Aus SDQ-Institutsseminar
Vortragende(r) Paul Giza
Vortragstyp Masterarbeit
Betreuer(in) Bela Böhnke
Termin Fr 14. April 2023
Vortragsmodus in Präsenz
Kurzfassung Algorithms that extract dependencies from data and represent them as causal graphs must also be tested. For such tests, data with a known ground truth is required, but this is rarely available. Generating data under controlled conditions through simulations is expensive and time-consuming. A solution to this problem is to create synthetic datasets, where dependencies are predefined, to evaluate the results of these algorithms.

This work focuses on building a framework for the synthesis of data. In the framework, the synthesis process begins with generating a random dependency graph, specifically a directed acyclic graph. Each node in the graph, except the source nodes, has parent nodes and represents a variable. In the next step, each node is populated with predefined random dependencies. A dependency is a model that determines the value of a variable based on its parent variables. From this structure, datasets can be sampled. Users can control the properties of the causal graph through various parameters and choose from multiple types of dependencies, representing different complexity levels.

Additionally, the sampling process allows for interactivity by enabling the exchange of dependencies during the sampling process. Dependencies can be exchanged with fixed values, probability distributions, or time series functions. This flexibility provides a robust tool for improving and comparing the mentioned algorithms under various conditions.